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Open Kidney Dataset

Fine-grained Annotated Ultrasound for Medical Image Analysis

Current Release: 14 June 2022


Ultrasound imaging is a portable, real-time, non-ionizing, and non-invasive imaging modality. It is the first line for numerous organs, including the kidney. With recent advances in technology, the world of artificial intelligence (AI)-enhanced ultrasound is imminently upon us. However, compared to other modalities like CT or MRI, there is a lack of open ultrasound data available for researchers to use.

We present the Open Kidney Dataset. It includes over 500 two-dimensional B-mode abdominal ultrasound images and two sets of fine-grained polygon annotations, each generated by an expert sonographer, for four classes that are available for non-commericial use.


Artificial intelligence for medical imaging has seen unprecedented growth in the last ten years. As a result of the creation of imaging data being made available to researchers, cornerstone algorithms like U-net have been created. However, in the field of ultrasound, there is a lack of high quality data available. This is in part due to difficulty in acessing medical imaging data as well as anonymization and privacy considerations. However, even in competititions within biomedical imaging, such as the The MICCAI Segmentation Decathalon, ultrasound is underrpresented. The lack of data accentuates the growing reproducibility crisis within the ultrasound machine learning field. To the best of our knowledge there is no widely available kidney ultrasound dataset that exists. To further expand and improve academic efforts for machine learning in ultrasound, we present the Open Kidney Dataset.

This dataset may provide standardization to ultrasound segmentation benchmarking, as well as in the long-term reduce ultrasound interpretation efforts, furthering simplifying ultrasound use.

Data Description

Insitutional approval was received (H21-02375). The ultrasound images were originally acquired between January 2015 and September 2019. These B-mode ultrasound images are collected from real patients who had a clinical indication to receive an ultrasound investigation of their kidneys. Consequently, a significant portion are obtained in real-world situations such as at the bedside or intensive care units, rather than finely controlled laboratory conditions. The participant population includes adults with chronic kidney disease, prospective kidney donors, and adults with a transplanted kidney. No filtering for specific patient or imaging characteristics were made. No filtering for specific vendors were made, and hence a variety of ultrasound manufacturers are represented including Philips, General Electric (GE), Acuson, Siemens, Toshiba and SonoSite.

Each annotated image additionally comes with labels for the view type and kidney type (native or transplant).

Repository Structure

The repository itself is laid out as per follows:

Data Structure

The data structure is provided as folder of PNG images. Each file corresponds to a randomly sampled image from a unique patient. No more than one image is from the same patient. Access to data requires registration.

License and Usage

The data and code that are made available are under the CC BY-NC-SA license. Data may not be used for commercial purposes. Due to accessibility and privacy terms, registration is required for manual verification prior to the release of data.


Please complete the registration form at this link:

Upon registering, your submission will be reviewed manually. After review, an email will be sent to you with relevant links.

Code and Trained Models

Relevant code for masking, cropping data, reading and processing summary statistics of labels, pre-trained models and additional helper code is available at:


Singla R, Ringstrom C, Hu G, Lessoway V, Reid J, Nguan C, Rohling R. The open kidney ultrasound data set. arXiv preprint arXiv:2206.06657. 2022 Jun 14.

Support or Contact

For additional information, or to report errors in the data, please contact us at rsingla92 [at] gmail [dot] com


Errata to the code, data, or otherwise will be listed here in a date stamped manner.

None to date.